Greater male variability in overexcitabilities: Domain-specific patterns

Jing Mavis HE WU, Wan-chi WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The greater male variability hypothesis posits that males exhibit greater variability than females in both mental and physical characteristics. The hypothesis has been supported in various giftedness-related constructs (e.g., intelligence, talents, creativity). This study extended this line of research to another giftedness-related psychological construct: overexcitability (OE). The Overexcitability Questionnaire-Two was administered to 836 (51% girls) 7–9th graders in Hong Kong to assess the five domains of OE (i.e., psychomotor, sensual, intellectual, imaginational, and emotional). The results suggested a domain-specific pattern of gender differences in the variability of OE scores. Greater male variability was found in the sensual, imaginational, and intellectual OE domains; male superiority was found in the psychomotor domain; and female superiority was found in the emotional domain. These domain-specific findings enrich the discourse surrounding the greater male variability hypothesis. Theoretical and educational implications regarding the findings are discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-32
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Early online dateMar 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014


He, W.-j., & Wong, W.-c. (2014). Greater male variability in overexcitabilities: Domain-specific patterns. Personality and Individual Differences, 66, 27-32.


  • Greater male variability
  • Gender
  • Overexcitability
  • Variance ratio
  • Gender ratio


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