Grammaticalization of the Cantonese double object verb [pei³⁵] 畀 in typological and areal perspectives

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper examines five syntactic functions performed by the double object verb [pei(35)] (sic) (meaning 'to give') in the Cantonese dialects: (a) Indirect object marker; (b) beneficiary marker; (c) causative verb; (d) passive marker; and (e) instrument marker. It will, through cross-linguistic and cross-dialectal comparison, show how these functions are related to the double object verb as a result of grammaticalization which involves a number of semantic and cognitive processes such as desemanticization, decategorialization, and semantic-pragmatic inferencing. The grammaticalization paths and the chronological development of these functions of [pei(35)] (sic) will also be examined on the basis of synchronic and diachronic data from Cantonese. Finally, the multifunctionality of give found in some non-Sinitic languages spoken in China and the Southeast Asian linguistic area will be discussed from an areal perspective.
本文探討粵語雙賓動詞「畀」的五種語法功能:(1)間接賓語標記;(2)受益者標記;(3)使役動詞;(4)被動標記;(5)工具標記。透過跨方言和跨語言比較,本文指出以上語法功能是雙賓動詞語法化產生的結果。此外,本文利用早期和當代粵方言材料,構擬這五種語法功能的發展時序。最後,本文從區域語言學角度,把有關的語法化現象跟中國大陸和鄰近地區(特別是東南亞語言區域)非漢語語言比較,歸納當中涉及的一些語言演變機制。 Copyright © 2011 中央研究院語言學研究所.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-563
JournalLanguage and Linguistics
Volume12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Citation

Chin, A. C. (2011). Grammaticalization of the Cantonese double object verb [pei³⁵] 畀 in typological and areal perspectives. Language and Linguistics, 12(3), 529-563.

Keywords

  • Cantonese
  • Double object verb
  • Grammaticalization
  • Areal linguistics
  • Southeast Asian linguistic area
  • 雙賓動詞
  • 語法化
  • 區域語言學
  • 東南亞語言區域
  • Alt. title: 從語言類型學和區域語言學角度探討粵語雙賓動詞「畀」的語法化現象

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