Getting out of the woods: Quandaries of protected area management in China

Chi Yung JIM, Steve Shaowei XU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)


The number and area of nature reserves in China have increased significantly in the last 2 decades. This massive increase has not been matched by a corresponding enhancement of management inputs and capabilities. Six major problems in protected area (PA) management are identified in this article: selection of unsuitable sites for conservation, shortage of funding, rising people-park conflicts, the paper park syndrome, multiple but disparate management agents, and lack of international experience. Five management quandaries are discussed to highlight the major dilemmas, ie, whether the reserves should exclude traditional resource-tapping activities, whether non-governmental organizations (NGOs) should be encouraged to help management agents, whether the management should earn income from the reserves, whether they should be the umpire or a player in the utilization of natural resources in reserves, and whether an integrated management structure should supersede the present compartmentalized arrangement. Finally, specific recommendations are obtained from the study. Copyright © 2003 BioOne.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-226
JournalMountain Research and Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2003



Jim, C. Y., & Xu, S. S. (2003). Getting out of the woods: Quandaries of protected area management in China. Mountain Research and Development, 23(3), 222-226. doi: 10.1659/0276-4741(2003)023[0222:GOOTW]2.0.CO;2