Generativity and positive emotion in older adults: Mediation of achievement and altruism goal attainment across three cultures

Alma AU, Simon LAI, Wen WU, Jan HOFER, Holger BUSCH, Iva Poláčková ŠOLCOVÁ, Peter TAVEL, Sheung-Tak CHENG

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Generativity, the concern for guiding the next generation, is associated with both agentic (self-orientated) and communal (others-orientated) motives. However, the role of agency-communion goal attainment has not been studied with reference to positive emotion across cultures. The present study examined the mediation effects of achievement and altruism goal attainment between generative concern and positive emotion across three diverse cultures. We used achievement goal attainment to measure agentic goal fulfillment and altruism goal attainment to measure communal goal fulfillment. We tested the mediation effects of achievement and altruism goal attainment were tested with a total of six hundred and twenty-three older adults from the Czech Republic, Germany and Hong Kong. Multi-group structural equation modeling was conducted to test whether the hypothesized model was equivalent across the three cultures. Findings suggested that achievement goal attainment mediated between generative concern and positive emotion for all three countries. However, altruism goal attainment mediated the association between generative concern and positive emotion only in Hong Kong but not in the other two countries. While achievement goal attainment may play a significant role in the association between generativity concern and positive emotion across three cultures, the present study also highlights possible cultural variation on the mediation of altruism goal attainment. Findings underscored the need for further developing a model of generativity and well-being that takes into account goal attainment in diverse cultural contexts. Copyright © 2019 Springer Nature B.V.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Early online dateMar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Mar 2019

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goal attainment
altruism
mediation
emotion
Hong Kong
Czech Republic
well-being

Citation

Au, A., Lai, S., Wu, W., Hofer, J., Busch, H., Šolcová, I. P., . . . Cheng, S.-T. (2019). Generativity and positive emotion in older adults: Mediation of achievement and altruism goal attainment across three cultures. Journal of Happiness Studies. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10902-019-00101-1

Keywords

  • Agentic
  • Communal
  • Successful aging
  • Well-being
  • Achievement
  • Altruism
  • Goal attainment
  • Positive emotion