Further examination of the psychometric properties of the mental toughness inventory: Evidence from Chinese athletes and university students

Chunxiao LI, Chun-Qing ZHANG, Liancheng ZHANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is an increasing research interest in the concept and measurement of mental toughness. This study examined the psychometric properties of the 8-item Mental Toughness Inventory (MTI) in two Chinese samples: 503 youth athletes and 513 university students. The unidimensional model of the MTI was confirmed and measurement invariance between males and females was supported in both samples. As expected, mental toughness was positively associated with the three basic psychological needs and effort in the athlete sample, and with life satisfaction in the student sample. Excellent internal consistency reliability was found in both samples, and good test–rest reliability was also demonstrated in the student sample. Collectively, these findings provide further psychometric evidence for the MTI and support the utility of the scale in China. Copyright © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Psychology
Early online date19 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Sep 2017

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Psychometrics
Athletes
Students
Equipment and Supplies
China
Psychology
Research

Citation

Li, C., Zhang, C.-Q., & Zhang, L. (2017). Further examination of the psychometric properties of the mental toughness inventory: Evidence from Chinese athletes and university students. Current Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s12144-017-9692-7

Keywords

  • Validation
  • Reliability
  • Confidence
  • China