Functional use of CO₂ for environmentally benign production of hydrogen through catalytic pyrolysis of polymeric waste

Sungyup JUNG, Dongho CHOI, Young-Kwon PARK, Yiu Fai TSANG, Naomi B. KLINGHOFFER, Ki-Hyun KIM, Eilhann E. KWON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A benign route for hydrogen (H₂) production is environmentally desirable. To achieve this, H₂ synthesis from polymeric waste was investigated. A new route was sought to maximize H₂ production with the least formation of coke during catalytic pyrolysis of fishing net waste (FNW) by using CO₂ (as reaction media) and a Ni/SiO₂ (as catalyst). The thermolytic characteristics of FNW were also evaluated under the CO₂ condition (and N₂ as reference environment) both with and without catalysts to assess the full scope of variabilities involved in catalytic pyrolysis of FNW. The use of Ni/SiO₂ catalyst in each of the N₂ and CO₂ conditions improved the reaction kinetics in terms of syngas formation with significant production of H₂ (1,543 and 770 mmol g⁻¹cat h⁻¹) and CO (11 and 1157 mmol g⁻¹cat h⁻¹), respectively. However, H₂ production rate dropped when the catalyst was deactivated due to (hydro)carbon deposition onto the catalyst surface under N₂ environment. Under CO₂ environment, CO₂ served as an oxidant during FNW thermolysis with additional CO formation and prolonged lifetime of catalyst (via suppressed deactivation). H₂ production mediated by CO₂ increased to ≥1,093 mmol g⁻¹cat h⁻¹ during five repeated cycles of FNW pyrolysis, coupling with water–gas shift reaction (WGS: CO + H₂O ⇋ H₂ + CO₂). This new approach to H₂ production is demonstrated as a practical measure for producing H₂ while extending catalyst life. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Article number125889
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume399
Early online dateJun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jun 2020

Citation

Jung, S., Choi, D., Park, Y.-K., Tsang, Y. F., Klinghoffer, N. B., Kim, K.-H., & Kwon, E. E. (2020). Functional use of CO₂ for environmentally benign production of hydrogen through catalytic pyrolysis of polymeric waste. Chemical Engineering Journal, 399. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2020.125889

Keywords

  • Hydrogen
  • Coke formation
  • Catalytic pyrolysis
  • Plastics
  • Valorization
  • Carbon dioxide

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Functional use of CO₂ for environmentally benign production of hydrogen through catalytic pyrolysis of polymeric waste'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.