From "Rooftop" to "Millennium": The development of primary schools in Hong Kong since 1945

Chak CHUNG, Ming Yan NGAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This is a study on the evolution of primary education in Hong Kong as reflected in the various designs of primary schools since 1945. This study also shows the relationship between different designs of school building and the conceptualizations of education that underpin them. Six basic primary school designs or prototypes have been identified since 1945. The rooftop primary schools built in the 1950s set a pattern for decades to come relating to the provision of primary education in Hong Kong. Finally this study contrasts the differences in primary education between the British colonial government and the new Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong Government after 1997 when China resumed her sovereignty over Hong Kong. Copyright © 2002 New Horizons in Education.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-32
JournalNew Horizons in Education
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002


primary school
Hong Kong
primary education
colonial government


Chung, C., & Ngan, M.-Y. (2002). From "Rooftop" to "Millennium": The development of primary schools in Hong Kong since 1945. New Horizons in Education, 46, 24-32.


  • Designs of primary schools
  • Rooftop
  • Primary education
  • 由天台學校至新世紀學校:戰後迄今之香港小學教育發展