Fostering inclusive, sustainable economic growth and "green" skills development in learning cities through partnerships

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2 Citations (Scopus)


One of the requirements of building a learning city is working to ensure its sustainable development. In 2014, UNESCO developed a framework of the key features of learning cities, at the centre of which there are six pillars or "building blocks" which support sustainable development. This article focuses on the third of these pillars, "effective learning for and in the workplace". The author analyses a number of conditions to address this aspect in the context of "green restructuring" which is geared towards facilitating the sustainable development of learning cities. She argues that, at the conceptual level, an understanding of the nature of "green skills" (what they are) and the reasons for "green skills gaps" (why they exist) are essential for the processes of effective learning and strategy planning in sustainable city development. The specific focus of this article is at the policy level: the conceptualisation of partnerships between technical and vocational education and training (TVET) providers, industry, government and other stakeholders with the aim of fostering the production, dissemination and usage of knowledge for the purpose of sustainable economic development and the "greening" of skills. The author proposes a new model, based on the quintuple helix approach to innovation combined with a policy goals orientation framework to theorise the ways in which learning cities can foster sustainable economic growth through green skills development. Copyright © 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature, and UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-354
JournalInternational Review of Education
Issue number3
Early online dateMay 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


economic growth
sustainable development
technical education
planning conception
vocational education
Vocational Education
lifelong learning


Pavlova, M. (2018). Fostering inclusive, sustainable economic growth and "green" skills development in learning cities through partnerships. International Review of Education, 64(3), 339-354. doi: 10.1007/s11159-018-9718-x


  • Green skills conceptualisation
  • Greening economy
  • Partnership model for greening
  • Learning cities
  • Sustainable economic growth
  • Workplace learning