Fluoride and aluminium concentrations of tea plants and tea products from Sichuan Province, PR China

W. S. SHU, Z. Q. ZHANG, C. Y. LAN, Ming Hung WONG

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Abstract

Some Tibetans in Sichuan Province in southwestern China have been suffering from fluorosis, due to drinking and eating tea with high fluoride (F) and aluminium (A1) contents. Tea plants, soils of tea plantations and tea products from Yaan, Gaoxian and Yibin Cities in Sichuan Province were investigated to evaluate the factors affecting F and A1 contents in tea products. The F and A1 concentrations of four commercial brands of brick teas were significantly higher than those of 11 brands of green teas. Chemical analysis indicated that total and available F and A1 concentrations in tea plantation soils in Yaan and Gaoxian were within the normal range compared with acid soils in South China and tea soils in Fujian Province. Edaphic conditions did not contribute to the high F and A1 concentrations in brick tea. Analysis of raw materials of brick tea indicated that old leaves were the major contributors to the high F and A1 contents contained in brick tea. There were also great variations among different tea varieties in accumulating F and A1, and concentrations of F and A1 in tea variety of Qianmei 303 were about 2-3-fold higher than the other three varieties. Selection of appropriate varieties would be important to lower F and A1 contents in tea products. Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1474-1482
JournalChemosphere
Volume52
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2003

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tea
Tea
fluoride
China
aluminum
Aluminum
Brick
Soil
Soils
province
product
aluminum fluoride
plantation
soil
acid soil
drinking
Fluorides
chemical analysis
Drinking
Raw materials

Citation

Shu, W. S., Zhang, Z. Q., Lan, C. Y., & Wong, M. H. (2003). Fluoride and aluminium concentrations of tea plants and tea products from Sichuan Province, PR China. Chemosphere, 52(9), 1474-1482. doi: 10.1016/S0045-6535(03)00485-5

Keywords

  • Fluoride
  • Aluminium
  • Tea plants
  • Brick tea
  • Green tea
  • Soil