Flourishing with psychosis: A prospective examination on the interactions between clinical, functional, and personal recovery processes on well-being among individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders

Chun Ho Randolph CHAN, Winnie W. S. MAK, Floria H. N. CHIO, Alan C. Y. TONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Well-being is not just the absence of mental disorder but also involves positive feelings and contentment (emotional well-being), meaningful engagement (psychological well-being), and contribution of one's community or society (social well-being). Recovery processes, which encompass mitigation of clinical symptomatology (clinical recovery), improvement in occupational, social, and adaptive functioning (functional recovery), and development of personally valued goals and identity (personal recovery), have demonstrated to be important markers of well-being. This study examined the relative contribution of clinical, functional, and personal recovery processes on well-being among individuals with schizophrenia and explored the effect of personal recovery on people with varying levels of symptom severity and functional ability. A longitudinal quantitative research design was used in which 181 people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders were assessed at baseline and 6 months. At baseline, 28.2% of the participants were considered as flourishing. Around half of the participants (52.5%) were moderately mentally healthy, while 19.3% were identified as languishing. Results showed that clinical recovery was predictive of better well-being at 6-month postbaseline. Personal recovery was found to positively predict well-being, above and beyond the effects of clinical and functional recovery. Moderation analysis showed that the effect of personal recovery on well-being did not depend on clinical and functional recovery, which implied that people with schizophrenia can participate in the process of personal recovery and enjoy positive well-being regardless of their clinical stability and functional competence. Given the robust salutogenic effect of personal recovery, greater emphasis should be placed on developing person-centered, strength-based, recovery-oriented services. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)778-786
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Volume44
Issue number4
Early online date08 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Psychotic Disorders
Schizophrenia
Aptitude
Mental Disorders
Mental Competency
Emotions
Research Design
Psychology

Citation

Chan, R. C. H., Mak, W. W. S., Chio, F. H. N., & Tong, A. C. Y. (2018). Flourishing with psychosis: A prospective examination on the interactions between clinical, functional, and personal recovery processes on well-being among individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 44(4), 778-786. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbx120

Keywords

  • Well-being
  • Flourishing
  • Clinical recovery
  • Functional recovery
  • Personal recovery
  • Schizophrenia