Federated learning for privacy preservation of healthcare data from smartphone-based side-channel attacks

Abdul REHMAN, Imran RAZZAK, Guandong XU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Federated learning (FL) has recently emerged as a striking framework for allowing machine and deep learning models with thousands of participants to have distributed training to preserve the privacy of users' data. Federated learning comes with the pros of allowing all participants the possibility of creating robust models even in the absence of sufficient training data. Recently, smartphone usage has increased significantly due to its portability and ability to perform many daily life tasks. Typing on a smartphone's soft keyboard generates vibrations that could be abused to detect the typed keys, aiding side-channel attacks. Such data can be collected using smartphone hardware sensors during the entry of sensitive information such as clinical notes, personal medical information, username, and passwords. This study proposes a novel framework based on federated learning for side-channel attack detection to secure this information. We collected a dataset from 10 Android smartphone users who were asked to type on the smartphone soft keyboard. We convert this dataset into two windows of five users to make two clients training local models. The federated learning-based framework aggregates model updates contributed by two clients and trained the Deep Neural Network (DNN) model individually on the dataset. To reduce the over-fitting factor, each client examines the findings three times. Experiments reveal that the DNN model achieves an accuracy of 80.09%, showing that the proposed framework has the potential to detect side-channel attacks. Copyright © 2022 IEEE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)684-690
JournalIEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Volume27
Issue number2
Early online dateMay 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Citation

Rehman, A., Razzak, I., & Xu, G. (2023). Federated learning for privacy preservation of healthcare data from smartphone-based side-channel attacks. IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, 27(2), 684-690. https://doi.org/10.1109/JBHI.2022.3171852

Keywords

  • Federated learning
  • Healthcare
  • Keystroke inference
  • Machine learning
  • Motion sensor
  • Privacy preservation
  • Side chanel attacks
  • Smartphone security

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