FASTER: A dynamic fairness-assurance strategy for session-based recommender systems

Yao WU, Jian CAO, Guandong XU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


When only users' preferences and interests are considered by a recommendation algorithm, it will lead to the severe long-tail problem over items. Therefore, the unfair exposure phenomenon of recommended items caused by this problem has attracted widespread attention in recent years. For the first time, we reveal the fact that there is a more serious unfair exposure problem in session-based recommender systems (SRSs), which learn the short-term and dynamic preferences of users from anonymous sessions. Considering the fact that in SRSs, recommendations are provided multiple times and item exposures are accumulated over interactions in a session, we define new metrics both for the fairness of item exposure and recommendation quality among sessions. Moreover, we design a dynamic Fairness-Assurance STrategy for sEssion-based Recommender systems (FASTER). FASTER is a post-processing strategy that tries to keep a balance between item exposure fairness and recommendation quality. It can also maintain the fairness of recommendation quality among sessions. The effectiveness of FASTER is verified on three real-world datasets and five original algorithms. The experiment results show that FASTER can generally reduce the unfair exposure of different session-based recommendation algorithms while still ensuring a high level of recommendation quality. Copyright © 2023 held by the owner/author(s). Publication rights licensed to ACM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
JournalACM Transactions on Information Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


Wu, Y., Cao, J., & Xu, G. (2023). FASTER: A dynamic fairness-assurance strategy for session-based recommender systems. ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 42(1), Article 5.


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