Family-support goals drive engagement and achievement in a collectivist context: Integrating etic and emic approaches in goal research

Ronnel Bornasal KING, Dennis Michael MCINERNEY

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Much of the goal research in educational psychology has focused on top-down etic approaches with little emphasis on the use of bottom-up emic methods to uncover culturally-relevant phenomena. The aim of this study was to combine etic and emic approaches and to explore how goals derived from both approaches drive engagement and achievement. Study 1 was a qualitative study which aimed to examine the different types of goals that students spontaneously generated in school contexts. Wanting to help the family (which we labeled as family-support goal) was one of the most commonly-endorsed goals indicating its psychological salience for Filipino students. Study 2, a cross-sectional study, demonstrated that family-support goals were distinct from achievement goals. Study 3, a prospective longitudinal study, found that family-support goals positively predicted subsequent engagement and achievement. Study 4 replicated the results of Study 3 on a different sample of students and after adding several relevant covariates (e.g., parental relatedness, relational self-construal, social desirability) ruling out the possibility of third variable confounds. Taken together, family-support goals were more salient predictors of optimal learning-related outcomes followed by mastery-approach goals. Results of the current study highlight the importance of taking culture into account in examining student motivation. Copyright © 2019 Published by Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-353
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Volume58
Early online dateApr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

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Research
student
Students
social desirability
educational psychology
cross-sectional study
longitudinal study
Educational Psychology
Drive
Social Desirability
school
learning
Longitudinal Studies
Motivation
Cross-Sectional Studies
Learning
Prospective Studies
Psychology

Citation

King, R. B., & McInerney, D. M. (2019). Family-support goals drive engagement and achievement in a collectivist context: Integrating etic and emic approaches in goal research. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 58, 338-353. doi: 10.1016/j.cedpsych.2019.04.003

Keywords

  • Achievement goals
  • Family-support goals
  • Etic
  • Emic
  • Student motivation