Family income, parental education and internalizing and externalizing psychopathology among 2–3-year-old Chinese children: The mediator effect of parent–child conflict

Xiao ZHANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using a sample of 156 Chinese children aged 2–3 years and their parents, this study examined the effects of socio-economic status, specifically family income and parental education, on the children's internalizing and externalizing psychopathology and whether these effects were mediated by mother–child and father–child conflict. Results indicated that family income, maternal education and paternal education all negatively predicted externalizing symptoms. Income also negatively predicted internalizing symptoms among boys but not girls. Maternal education negatively predicted internalizing symptoms among girls but not boys. The effects of income on psychopathology were fully mediated by mother–child and father–child conflict. In contrast, the effects of education were not mediated or only partially mediated by conflict. Findings are discussed in the framework of the family stress model. Copyright © 2013 International Union of Psychological Science.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-37
JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
Volume49
Issue number1
Early online dateNov 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Psychopathology
Education
Mothers
Parents
Economics
Conflict (Psychology)
Mediator
Income
Maternal Education
Boys

Citation

Zhang, X. (2014). Family income, parental education and internalizing and externalizing psychopathology among 2–3-year-old Chinese children: The mediator effect of parent–child conflict. International Journal of Psychology, 49(1), 30-37.

Keywords

  • Psychopathology
  • Income
  • Education
  • Family stress
  • Parent–child conflict