Regular tests for human papillomavirus (HPV) and early treatment could represent an important strategy for preventing anal cancers among men who have sex with men (MSM). This study investigated facilitators and barriers to take up clinician-collected and self-collected HPV tests among Chinese MSM. This study was based on the baseline sample of a longitudinal study promoting HPV vaccination among 350 Chinese MSM who had never received an HPV vaccination. The baseline survey was conducted from August 2019 to April 2020. The prevalence of any HPV tests uptake in lifetime was 19.1%; 4.9% had HPV infection in anus, genital, oral cavity, and other places. Among the participants, 20% and 76.8% intended to take up self-financed and free clinician-collected HPV tests, and 76.8% intended to use free self-collected HPV tests. After adjusting for significant background characteristics, perceived risk of HPV infection, and perceived benefits, barriers, cue to action, and self-efficacy related to HPV tests in general and/or specific to self-collected HPV tests were associated with behavioral intention to take up free clinician-collected and/or self-collected HPV tests. Less than 20% of Chinese MSM reported HPV tests uptake. Modifying perceptions related to HPV tests may be useful to increase HPV tests coverage in this group. Copyright © 2021 by the authors.
CitationWang, Z., Fang, Y., Wong, N. S., Ip, M., Guo, X., & Wong, S. Y. S. (2021). Facilitators and barriers to take up clinician-collected and self-collected HPV tests among Chinese men who have sex with men. Viruses, 13(4). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3390/v13040705
- Clinician-collected HPV tests
- Self-collected HPV tests
- Behavioral intention
- Facilitators and barriers
- Health Belief Model
- Men who have sex with men