Fabrication of biochar derived from different types of feedstocks as an efficient adsorbent for soil heavy metal removal

Marina BURACHEVSKAYA, Tatiana MINKINA, Tatiana BAUER, Ilya LOBZENKO, Alexey FEDORENKO, Mahmoud MAZARJI, Svetlana SUSHKOVA, Saglara MANDZHIEVA, Alexander NAZARENKO, Vera BUTOVA, Ming Hung WONG, Vishnu D. RAJPUT

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For effective soil remediation, it is vital to apply environmentally friendly and cost-effective technologies following the notion of green sustainable development. In the context of recycling waste and preserving nutrients in the soil, biochar production and utilization have become widespread. There is an urgent need to develop high-efficiency biochar-based sorbents for pollution removal from soil. This research examined the efficacy of soil remediation using biochar made from three distinct sources: wood, and agricultural residues (sunflower and rice husks). The generated biochars were characterized by SEM/SCEM, XRF, XRD, FTIR, BET Specific Surface Area, and elemental compositions. The presence of hydroxyl and phenolic functional groups and esters in wood, sunflower and rice husk biochar were noted. The total volume of pores was in the following descending order: rice husk > wood > sunflower husk. However, wood biochar had more thermally stable, heterogeneous, irregular-shaped pores than other samples. Adsorption of soil-heavy metals into biochars differed depending on the type of adsorbent, according to data derived from distribution coefficients, sorption degree, Freundlich, and Langmuir adsorption models. The input of biochars to Calcaric Fluvic Arenosol increased its adsorption ability under contamination by Cu(II), Zn(II), and Pb(II) in the following order: wood > rice husk > sunflower husk. The addition of sunflower husk, wood, and rice husk biochar to the soil led to an increase in the removal efficiency of metals in all cases (more than 77%). The increase in the percentage adsorption of Cu and Pb was 9–19%, of Zn was 11–21%. The present results indicated that all biochars functioned well as an absorbent for removing heavy metals from soils. The tailor-made surface chemistry properties and the high sorption efficiency of the biochar from sunflower and rice husks could potentially be used for soil remediation. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Article number2020
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Early online date03 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Citation

Burachevskaya, M., Minkina, T., Bauer, T., Lobzenko, I., Fedorenko, A., Mazarji, M., . . . Rajput, V. D. (2023). Fabrication of biochar derived from different types of feedstocks as an efficient adsorbent for soil heavy metal removal. Scientific Reports, 13. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-27638-9

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