Fabrication and photocatalytic activity enhanced mechanism of direct Z-scheme g-C₃N₄/Ag₂WO₄ photocatalyst

Bicheng ZHU, Pengfei XIA, Yao LI, Wing Kei HO, Jiaguo YU

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325 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Herein, a direct Z-scheme graphitic carbon nitride (g-C₃N₄)/silver tungstate (Ag₂WO₄) photocatalyst was prepared by a facile in situ precipitation method using g-C₃N₄ as a support and silver nitrate as a precursor. X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and elemental mapping demonstrated that β-Ag₂WO₄ nanoparticles were evenly distributed on the surface of g-C₃N₄ nanosheets, which acted as a support for the nucleation and growth of β-Ag₂WO₄ and inhibited the phase transformation of metastable β-Ag₂WO₄ to stable α-Ag₂WO₄. Photocatalytic experiments indicated that the g-C₃N₄/Ag₂WO₄ nanocomposite photocatalyst displayed a better photocatalytic activity than pure g-C₃N₄ and Ag₂WO₄ toward the degradation of methyl orange. The enhanced photocatalytic performance of g- C₃N₄/Ag₂WO₄ could be well explained by a direct Z-scheme photocatalytic mechanism. This mechanism was related to the efficient space separation of photogenerated electron–hole pairs and the great oxidation and reduction capabilities of the g- C₃N₄/Ag₂WO₄ system. This work provided new insights into the design and fabrication of g- C₃N₄-based direct Z-scheme photocatalysts. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-183
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume39
Issue numberPart B
Early online dateJul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

Citation

Zhu, B., Xia, P., Li, Y., Ho, W., & Yu, J. (2017). Fabrication and photocatalytic activity enhanced mechanism of direct Z-scheme g-C₃N₄/Ag₂WO₄ photocatalyst. Applied Surface Science, 39(Part B), 175-183.

Keywords

  • Direct Z-scheme
  • g-C₃N₄
  • β-Ag₂WO₄
  • Methyl orange
  • Degradation

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