Exposure assessment and distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) contained in indoor and outdoor dusts and the impacts of particle size and bioaccessibility

Wei WANG, Min-Juan HUANG, Jin-Shu ZHENG, Kwai Chung CHEUNG, Ming Hung WONG

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37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The size fraction, bioaccessibility and associated human daily intake of PCBs via indoor and outdoor dust collected from two most populated urban centers of Pearl River Delta (PRD), China, were studied. The ΣPCBs levels (ng g− 1) in indoor (51.9–264) and outdoor (4.02–228) dust in Guangzhou (GZ) were found higher than those in indoor (17.4–137) and outdoor (7.75–114) dust of Hong Kong (HK). Hexa-PCB was the largest contributor in dust samples (29–64%), followed by tri-PCB. The size fraction of PCBs indicated a high accumulation effect of particles less than 63 μm, while the lowest was found in 280–2000 μm. Toxic equivalency (TEQ) of dioxin-like PCBs in indoor dust of GZ and HK was 2 to 13 times higher than that in outdoor dust. The bioaccessibility of PCBs was determined as 5–61% depending on individual PCB congeners under study and bioaccessible PCB exposure was significantly lower than the estimate for total PCB. The daily intake of bioaccessible PCBs via dust ranged in 0.02–8.95 and 0.37–17.8 ng day− 1 in GZ while 0.01–4.95 and 0.16–9.83 ng day− 1 in HK for adults and children, respectively. Dust ingestion contributed to 0.49–10.6% of overall non-dietary PCB exposure (dust ingestion and inhalation) for adults while 12.9–35% for children, indicating the dominant contribution from inhalation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1201-1209
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume463-464
Early online dateMay 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

Citation

Wang, W., Huang, M.-J., Zheng, J.-S., Cheung, K. C., & Wong, M. H. (2013). Exposure assessment and distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) contained in indoor and outdoor dusts and the impacts of particle size and bioaccessibility. Science of The Total Environment, 463-464, 1201-1209. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.04.059

Keywords

  • Polychlorinated biphenyl
  • Indoor and outdoor dust
  • Particle size fraction
  • Bioaccessibility
  • Carcinogenic hazard (TEQ)
  • Health risk assessment

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