Exploring the relationships between ancient Chinese gardens and climate change: A multidisciplinary approach

Zhixin CUI

Research output: ThesisHonours Projects (HP)


This study investigates the relationships between ancient Chinese gardens and climate change in China from 221 B.C. to 1911 A.D., providing insights into historical climate change adaptation and human-environment interactions. Using a multidisciplinary approach, the research addresses current gaps and limitations in the literature by examining the connections between climate change, population growth, social crises, and the development of royal and private gardens. The study employs Spearman's Correlation Analysis, Principal Component Analysis, and spatial analysis techniques to assess the impacts of climate factors, social factors, and gardens on a nationwide scale.

The research reveals that climate change, particularly the decrease in temperature, can lead to social crises and migrations, which subsequently affect housing demands and contribute to the increase in the number of Chinese gardens. Population growth and economic development were found to significantly influence the spatial distribution of ancient Chinese gardens, with private gardens being more directly affected by these factors, while royal gardens exhibited greater resilience to climate fluctuations due to their sociocultural attributes.

The insights gained from this study can inform modern urban planning, landscape design, and climate resilience strategies by drawing on the lessons learned from ancient Chinese gardens as physical and cultural spaces for refuge and spiritual freedom. Furthermore, this research highlights the importance of considering social factors and the interplay between nature and human society when examining the impacts of climate change on housing and the built environment. Future research could further explore the role of different social classes and political systems in shaping garden development and design, as well as investigate the potential consequences of increased housing demands on less affluent populations.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationBachelor of Education (Honours)
  • PEI, Qing 裴卿, Supervisor
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Honours Project (HP)
  • Bachelor of Education (Honours) (Geography) (Five-year Full-time)
  • Programme code: A5B084
  • Course code: GGP4016


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