Exploring the meanings and grammatical functions of idioms in teaching Chinese as a second language

Shan WANG, Huiting LUO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Idioms are an important part of Teaching Chinese as a Second Language (TCSL), but current research on the meanings and grammatical functions of idioms is still quite weak. This study selected commonly used idioms in TCSL, extracted sentences containing these idioms from large‐scale modern Chinese corpora, and manually annotated the meaning and grammatical functions of each idiom in these sentences. It then analyzed the characteristics of the idioms in TCSL and revealed the importance of meanings and grammatical functions in idiom teaching. This study further examined the problems of the idioms in textbooks and learner's dictionaries, proposed methods and principles for setting example sentences, and introduced how to carry out idiom teaching. This research not only provides theoretical and practical references for Chinese language teachers and learners, but also helps to promote the development of textbook editing, dictionary compilation, and idiom teaching.
成語是國際語教學的重要組成部分,但是目前針對其語義和句法功能的研究還相當薄弱。本研究選取國際漢語教學中的常用成語,從大規模現代漢語語料庫中抽取包含這些成語的句子,並對成語在這些句子中的語義和句法功能進行人工標注。在此基礎上本文分析了國際漢語教學中的成語特點,揭示了語義和句法功能對成語教學的重要性,進而探討了教材和學習詞典在處理成語時所存在的問題,由此提出了例句設置的方法和原則闡述了如何進行成語教學。本研究不僅能為漢語教師和學習者提供理論和實踐參考,而且有助於促進教材編寫、詞典編纂和成語教學的發展。 Copyright © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-300
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Linguistics
Volume31
Issue number2
Early online date11 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Citation

Wang, S., & Luo, H. (2021). Exploring the meanings and grammatical functions of idioms in teaching Chinese as a second language. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 31(2), 283-300. doi: 10.1111/ijal.12334

Keywords

  • Idioms
  • Meanings
  • Grammatical functions
  • Corpora
  • Teaching Chineseas a Second Language
  • 成語
  • 語義
  • 語法功能
  • 語料庫
  • 國際漢語教學
  • PG student publication

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