Exploring the interplay between socioeconomic status and reading achievement: An expectancy-value perspective

Siu Sze YEUNG, Ronnel Bornasal KING, Ma. Jenina N. NALIPAY, Yuyang CAI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Socioeconomic status (SES) and motivation are both important predictors of student achievement. However, most studies have investigated these factors separately, and very few have looked into the interplay between SES and motivation as determinants of student reading achievement.

Aims. We intend to bridge this gap by examining a model of SES predicting reading achievement through motivation (i.e., expectancy and value) at both student and school levels.

Sample. We used the data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2018 of 26,281 students from four regions in Greater China (Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taipei).

Methods. We used multi-group multilevel path analysis to test whether SES would predict reading achievement mediated by expectancy and value in student and school levels across four regions, with gender as a covariate.

Results. Results showed that at the student level, SES significantly predicted reading achievement indirectly through both expectancy and value across four regions. At the school level, the relationship between school SES and school reading achievement was mostly direct.

Conclusion. The study was able to demonstrate the motivational gap as a pathway in which economic inequality can contribute to students’ reading achievement gap. Copyright © 2022 The British Psychological Society.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12495
JournalBritish Journal of Educational Psychology
Early online date04 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 04 Mar 2022

Citation

Yeung, S. S. S., King, R. B., Nalipay, M. J. N., & Cai, Y. (2022). Exploring the interplay between socioeconomic status and reading achievement: An expectancy-value perspective. British Journal of Educational Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 110.1111/bjep.12495

Keywords

  • Expectancy-value theory
  • Motivation
  • Reading achievement
  • Socioeconomic status

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Exploring the interplay between socioeconomic status and reading achievement: An expectancy-value perspective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.