Exploring the impact of virtual laboratory with KWL reflective thinking approach on students’ science learning in higher education

Shenzhong YAN, Daner SUN, Qing ZHOU, Yuqin YANG, Peiyao TIAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of pedagogical design and development for virtual laboratory in science education in higher education is limited. Few tailored pedagogical approaches have been adopted for developing students higher order thinking (i.e. reflective thinking skills) in virtual laboratory enabled learning in the university level. For addressing these, this study borrowed the merits of virtual laboratory and Know-Want-Learn (KWL) reflective thinking approach, with considering the development of students reflective thinking, to support university students to learn physical chemistry concepts. To examine the impacts of this virtual lab with KWL reflective thinking approach on students’ conceptual understanding and reflections, a quasi-experimental research was conducted among 30 students in experimental group and 28 students in control group in a university located in the north of China. Positive learning outcomes including were received based on quantitative and qualitative data analysis of pre-and post-test scores, questionnaire, reflection journals and selected interview. The study could inform the pedagogical design and the implementation of virtual lab for developing students’ higher order thinking skills in the university level. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Computing in Higher Education
Early online dateSept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Sept 2023

Citation

Yan, S., Sun, D., Zhou, Q., Yang, Y., & Tian, P. (2023). Exploring the impact of virtual laboratory with KWL reflective thinking approach on students’ science learning in higher education. Journal of Computing in Higher Education. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12528-023-09385-y

Keywords

  • Virtual laboratory
  • KWL approach
  • Refective thinking skills
  • Higher education
  • Science education

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