Exploring the impact of gamification on students’ academic performance: A comprehensive meta-analysis of studies from the year 2008 to 2023

Jiyuan ZENG, Daner SUN, Chee Kit LOOI, Andy Chun Wai FAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Gamification, characterized by the integration of game design elements into non-game environments, has gained popularity in classrooms due to its potential for increased engagement and enjoyment compared to traditional lecture-based teaching methods. While students generally exhibit positive attitudes towards gamification, its impact on academic achievement remains a subject of debate. This study employed a meta-analysis approach to examine the overall influence of gamification on students' academic performance. The sample comprised 22 experimental studies conducted between 2008 and 2023, comparing the effects of gamified and non-gamified classes. Utilizing a random effects model, the results revealed a moderately positive effect of gamification on student academic performance (Hedges's g = 0.782, p < 0.05). The paper further discussed the outcomes of various moderator analyses, providing valuable insights into the selection and utilization of game design elements, as well as considerations specific to different educational stages. Copyright © 2024 British Educational Research Association.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Educational Technology
Early online dateApr 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Apr 2024

Citation

Zeng, J., Sun, D., Looi, C.-K., & Fan, A. C. W. (2024). Exploring the impact of gamification on students’ academic performance: A comprehensive meta-analysis of studies from the year 2008 to 2023. British Journal of Educational Technology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjet.13471

Keywords

  • Academic performance
  • Gamification
  • Meta-analysis

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