Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in reading-related cognitive component among grade four students in Thailand

Chen-Huei LIAO, Bor-Chen KUO, Exkarach DEENANG, Magdalena Mo Ching MOK

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the structure and the validity of the cognitive components of reading in Thai, which is a language with a high degree of grapheme–phoneme correspondence. The participants were 1181 fourth-grade students in 29 schools in Thailand, divided into two subsamples for data analysis. Phoneme isolation, rapid colour naming, rapid number naming, rapid word segmentation, morphological structure and morphological production were developed based on the cognitive theories involved in reading. The reliabilities of the tests ranged from .81 to .98. The structure of the cognitive components of reading in Thai was examined using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). With subsample 1 (N = 590), the results of EFA support a three-factor structure, measuring morphological awareness, decoding-related and rapid naming skills. With subsample 2 (N = 591), the results of CFA are consistent with the findings of EFA. These findings indicate that the three-factor structure is appropriate to examine the cognitive components of reading in Thai language. Copyright © 2015 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1102-1114
JournalEducational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology
Volume36
Issue number6
Early online dateJul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Thailand
factor analysis
school grade
student
cognitive theory
language
social isolation
data analysis
school

Citation

Liao, C.-H., Kuo, B.-C., Deenang, E., & Mok, M. M. C. (2016). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in reading-related cognitive component among grade four students in Thailand. Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology, 36(6), 1102-1114.

Keywords

  • Reading-related cognitive component
  • Thai
  • Morphological awareness
  • Decoding skill
  • Rapid naming
  • Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis