Explaining the PENTA model: A reply to Arvaniti and Ladd

Yi XU, Kwing Lok Albert LEE, Santitham PROM-ON, Fang LIU

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents an overview of the Parallel Encoding and Target Approximation (PENTA) model of speech prosody, in response to an extensive critique by Arvaniti & Ladd (2009). PENTA is a framework for conceptually and computationally linking communicative meanings to fine-grained prosodic details, based on an articulatory-functional view of speech. Target Approximation simulates the articulatory realisation of underlying pitch targets – the prosodic primitives in the framework. Parallel Encoding provides an operational scheme that enables simultaneous encoding of multiple communicative functions. We also outline how PENTA can be computationally tested with a set of software tools. With the help of one of the tools, we offer a PENTA-based hypothetical account of the Greek intonational patterns reported by Arvaniti & Ladd, showing how it is possible to predict the prosodic shapes of an utterance based on the lexical and postlexical meanings it conveys. Copyright © 2016 Cambridge University Press.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-535
JournalPhonology
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

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Approximation
Encoding
software
Post-lexical
Communicative Function
Utterance
Prosody

Citation

Xu, Y., Lee, A., Prom-on, S., & Liu, F. (2015). Explaining the PENTA model: A reply to Arvaniti and Ladd. Phonology, 32(3), 505-535. doi: 10.1017/S0952675715000299