Examining the job-related, psychological, and physical outcomes of workplace sexual harassment: A meta-analytic review

Darius K.-S. CHAN, Suk Yee CHOW, Chun Bun Ian LAM, Shu Fai CHEUNG

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Abstract

This study was designed to examine the job-related, psychological, and physical outcomes of sexual harassment in the workplace. Using a meta-analytic approach, we analyzed findings from 49 primary studies, with a total sample size of 89,382, to obtain estimates of the population mean effect size of the association between sexual harassment and job-related outcomes (e.g., job satisfaction and organizational commitment), psychological outcomes (e.g., well-being and distress), and physical outcomes (e.g., health satisfaction and physical symptoms). Moderator analyses were also conducted to examine whether gender, age (below 40 years vs. greater than or equal to 40 years), and type of measure (a “direct question” approach vs. “behavioral list” approach) moderate the strength of these associations. Meta-analytic results confirm that sexual harassment experiences are negatively associated with job-related outcomes, psychological health, and physical health conditions. In addition, our moderator analyses reveal that the strength of these associations was moderated by the mean age of the samples and the type of measure used in the primary studies. Conceptual and applied implications of these findings are discussed. Copyright © 2008 Division 35, American Psychological Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-376
JournalPsychology of Women Quarterly
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

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Sexual Harassment
sexual harassment
Workplace
workplace
Psychology
moderator
Health
health
Job Satisfaction
job satisfaction
Sample Size
well-being
commitment
gender
Population
Psychological
Physical
Work Place
experience

Citation

Chan, D. K.-S., Chow, S. Y., Lam, C. B., & Cheung, S. F. (2008). Examining the job-related, psychological, and physical outcomes of workplace sexual harassment: A meta-analytic review. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 32(4), 362-376. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.2008.00451.x