Examining foreign language teaching and learning in Nepal: An ecological perspective

Prem Prasad POUDEL, Madan Prasad BARAL

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, in Nepal, while some languages of the nation are on the verge of extinction, some foreign languages (such as Japanese, Korean, Chinese) are emerging as new attractions among the youths and adults and are widely taught in the marketplaces through the private sector initiative. Against this backdrop, in this article, we have examined the current foreign language teaching and learning situation drawing on qualitative empirical data obtained from the institutes involved in foreign language instruction in a city in Gandaki Province of Nepal. The data were collected from a survey in forty institutes, ten individual interviews and five focus group discussions. Drawing on the data, an ecological model was adopted, which focused on dynamic interaction, co-existence, and competition among languages, and findings were discussed in line with these aspects of ecological understanding. Findings revealed that learning foreign languages has been established as a conduit towards economic gains and opportunities for employment and education, which has largely been contributory towards reshaping the ecological relationship among the foreign languages in Nepal. Copyright © 2021 Prem Prasad Poudel and Madan Prasad Baral, published by De Gruyter, Berlin/Boston.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-123
JournalJournal of World Languages
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


Poudel, P. P., & Baral, M. P. (2021). Examining foreign language teaching and learning in Nepal: An ecological perspective. Journal of World Languages, 7(1), 104-123. https://doi.org/10.1515/jwl-2021-0006


  • Ecological relationship
  • Foreign language hierarchies
  • Nepal
  • Social images


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