Although evidence has shown that both RD and ADHD-I children suffer from working memory problems, inconsistencies in impaired modalities have been reported. This study aimed to (1) compare the three WM domains (i.e., verbal WM, visual-spatial WM, and behavioral WM) among pure ADHD-I, pure RD, comorbid ADHD-I+RD, and typical control groups and (2) examine the impact of comorbidity on the three WM domains. A Chinese sample of participants from Hong Kong included 29 children in the ADHD-I group, 78 children in the RD group, 31 children in the comorbid group (ADHD-I+RD), and 64 children in the TD control group. All participants completed the assessments individually. The findings showed that the children with ADHD-I and/or RD exhibited diverse cognitive profiles. In particular, RD was associated with verbal and visual-spatial working memory deficits, while ADHD-I was associated with behavioral working memory deficits. Interestingly, the comorbid condition demonstrated additive deficits of the two disorders but with greater deficits in behavioral working memory. These findings support the cognitive subtype hypothesis and provide a clearer picture of the distinctive working memory profiles of different groups, allowing for the development of intervention programs in the future. Copyright © 2021 Poon, Ho and Wang.
CitationPoon, K., Ho, M. S. H., & Wang, L.-C. (2021). Examining distinctive working memory profiles in Chinese children with predominantly inattentive subtype of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and/or reading difficulties. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.718112
- Attention-deficit disorder
- Inattentive subtype
- Reading difficulties
- Working memory