Evaluation of a glucose meter in determining the glycemic index of Chinese traditional foods

Fenghua SUN, Stephen H. WONG, Yajun CHEN, Yajun HUANG

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Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the Glucometer Elite® meter (Bayer Diagnostics, Kyoto, Japan) (POG) could be used for determining the glycemic index (GI) values of Chinese traditional foods, compared with the YSI (Yellow Springs, OH) glucose analyzer (YSI).

Methods: After consumption of either glucose or one of 11 test foods, the 2-h postprandial glucose responses were measured separately by POG and YSI. GI values and incremental area under the blood glucose response curve (IAUC) values were then calculated to make comparisons between POG and YSI.

Results: The mean glucose concentration measured by POG was higher than that measured by YSI (5.54 ± 0.03 vs. 5.30 ± 0.03 mmol/L, P < 0.01). The mean IAUC calculated by POG data was also higher than that calculated by YSI data (112.93 ± 4.04 vs. 106.76 ± 4.06 mmol·min/L, P < 0.01). However, there were no differences in the mean GI value determined by POG and YSI data for each test food.

Conclusions: Although the glucose concentrations measured by POG were higher than that measured by YSI glucose analyzer, it seemed to be an appropriate instrument to determine the GI values of Chinese traditional foods. However, this conclusion should be cautiously applied to other kinds of glucose meters. Copyright © 2010 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-199
JournalDiabetes Technology and Therapeutics
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

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Glycemic Index
Glucose
Food
Blood Glucose
Japan

Citation

Sun, F., Wong, S. H., Chen, Y., & Huang, Y. (2010). Evaluation of a glucose meter in determining the glycemic index of Chinese traditional foods. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 12(3), 193-199. doi: 10.1089/dia.2009.0120