The effectiveness of agricultural adaptation determines the vulnerability of this sector to climate change, particularly during the preindustrial era. However, this effectiveness has rarely been quantitatively evaluated, specifically at a large spatial and long-term scale. The present study covers this case of preindustrial society in AD 1500–1800. Given the absence of technological innovations in this time frame, agricultural production was chiefly augmented by cultivating more land (land input) and increasing labor input per land unit (labor input). Accordingly, these two methods are quantitatively examined. Statistical results show that within the study scale, land input is a more effective approach of mitigating climatic impact than labor input. Nonetheless, these observations collectively improve Boserup's theory from the perspective of a large spatial and long-term scale. Copyright © 2015 Taylor & Francis.
CitationPei, Q., Zhang, D. D., & Lee, H. F. (2015). Evaluating the effectiveness of agricultural adaptation to climate change in preindustrial society. Asian Geographer, 32(2), 85-98. doi: 10.1080/10225706.2015.1034735.
- Climate change
- Labor input
- Land input
- Preindustrial society