Eye tracking technology has become increasingly important for psychological analysis, medical diagnosis, driver assistance systems, and many other applications. Various gaze-tracking models have been established by previous researchers. However, there is currently no near-eye display system with accurate gaze-tracking performance and a convenient user experience. In this paper, we constructed a complete prototype of the mobile gaze-tracking system ‘Etracker’ with a near-eye viewing device for human gaze tracking. We proposed a combined gaze-tracking algorithm. In this algorithm, the convolutional neural network is used to remove blinking images and predict coarse gaze position, and then a geometric model is defined for accurate human gaze tracking. Moreover, we proposed using the mean value of gazes to resolve pupil center changes caused by nystagmus in calibration algorithms, so that an individual user only needs to calibrate it the first time, which makes our system more convenient. The experiments on gaze data from 26 participants show that the eye center detection accuracy is 98% and Etracker can provide an average gaze accuracy of 0.53° at a rate of 30–60 Hz. Copyright © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
CitationLi, B., Fu, H., Wen, D., & Lo, W. (2018). Etracker: A mobile gaze-tracking system with near-eye display based on a combined gaze-tracking algorithm. Sensors, 18(5). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3390/s18051626
- Gaze tracking
- Infrared camera sensor
- Near-eye viewing device
- Mobile eye tracker