Employment among multiple sclerosis patients in Hong Kong

Kwok-Kwong LAU, Alexander YL LAU, Ellen LM YU, Kam Mei Kammy LAU, Alma AU, Iris CHAN, Wing-Chi FONG, Tak-Hon TSOI, Ping-Wing NG, Patrick CK LI

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Abstract

Objective: Employment is important for patients with chronic illness, and to remain employed is a robust support to them. This study aimed to examine the employment rate and to identify factors associated with employment among multiple sclerosis (MS) in Hong Kong.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed from 2010 to 2011 at five major public hospitals. Fifty-nine clinical definite MS patients with no evidence of dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination ≥ 22) were recruited. Demographic data and neuropsychological test results including memory, visual perception, psychological well-being, motor, executive domain and processing speed were collected. Principal component analysis and logistic regression with multiple imputation were used in data analyses.
Results: The employment rate among MS patients was 56%. Patients with better cognitive functions were more likely to be employed (p=0.002). No significant association was found between employment status and age, gender, level of education, types of MS, disease duration, frequency of relapse or use of interferon.
Conclusion: MS patients had high unemployment rate (44%) which was 11.5 times higher than the general population in Hong Kong. MS patients with better cognitive functions had higher employment rates. Copyright © 2016 ASEAN Neurological Association. All Rights Reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-167
JournalNeurology Asia
Volume21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

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Hong Kong
Multiple Sclerosis
Cognition
Visual Perception
Unemployment
Neuropsychological Tests
Public Hospitals
Principal Component Analysis
Interferons
Dementia
Chronic Disease
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Demography
Psychology
Education
Recurrence
Population

Bibliographical note

Lau, K.-K., Lau, A. Y. L., Yu, E. L. M., Lau, K.-M., Au, A., Chan, I., . . Li, P. C. K. (2016). Employment among multiple sclerosis patients in Hong Kong. Neurology Asia, 21(2), 161-167.