This study explored the associations among emotional regulation in mothers and fathers and preschool children’s physical and relational aggression using a Hong Kong Chinese sample. This study also explored whether child gender would moderate the association between parental emotional regulation strategies and children’s physical and relational aggression. Participants were 168 children aged 4–6 years. Parents reported on their own emotional regulation approaches and kindergarten class teachers rated children’s aggression 6 months later. Path analyses showed that higher levels of reappraisal and lower levels of suppression by mothers was associated with higher levels of child relational aggression. There were no significant associations among fathers’ emotional regulation and children’s aggression. Results from multi-group analysis showed that there were no significant moderation of the associations by child gender. Results highlight the importance of mothers’ emotional regulation in child aggression and suggest that the maladaptive consequences of emotional suppression are culturally relative. Copyright © 2021 The Author(s).
CitationLau, E. Y. H., & Williams, K. (2021). Emotional regulation in mothers and fathers and relations to aggression in Hong Kong preschool children. Child Psychiatry & Human Development. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10578-021-01165-y
- Child gender
- Hong Kong Chinese