More empirical investigation is needed to understand the mechanisms through which psychological resilience impacts psychiatric symptoms. This study aimed to examine the mediating role of emotion-focused positive rumination and relationship satisfaction in the inverse associations between trait resilience and anxiety and depressive symptoms. A sample of 284 Chinese college students were recruited and asked to self-administer questionnaires measuring trait resilience, emotion-focused positive rumination, relationship satisfaction, and anxiety and depressive symptoms. Structural equation modeling revealed that emotion-focused positive rumination and relationship satisfaction independently and jointly mediated the inverse association between trait resilience and anxiety symptoms (data-model fit: CFI = 1.000; TLI = 1.022; IFI = 1.004; RMSEA = .000; SRMR = .014). Relationship satisfaction, alone, mediated the inverse association between trait resilience and depressive symptoms (data-model fit: CFI = 1.000; TLI = 1.021; IFI = 1.003; RMSEA = .000; SRMR = .014). The results suggested possible underlying mechanisms of the psychological benefit of trait resilience. Feasible directions for fostering resilience among college populations were discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
CitationHou, W. K., & Ng, S. M. (2014). Emotion-focused positive rumination and relationship satisfaction as the underlying mechanisms between resilience and psychiatric symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 71, 159-164.
- Trait resilience
- Psychiatric symptoms
- Emotion-focused positive rumination
- Relationship satisfaction
- Chinese college students