Emerging standards and the hybrid model for organizing scientific events during and after the COVID-19 pandemic

Sara HANAEI, Amirhossein TAKIAN, Reza MAJDZADEH, Christopher Ryan MABOLOC, Igor GROSSMANN, Orlando GOMES, Milos MILOSEVIC, Manoj GUPTA, Alireza A. SHAMSHIRSAZ, Amine HARBI, Amer M. BURHAN, Lucina Q. UDDIN, Arutha KULASINGHE, Chi Ming LAM, Seeram RAMAKRISHNA, Abass ALAVI, Jan L NOUWEN, Tommaso DORIGO, Michael SCHREIBER, Ajith ABRAHAMNatalya SHELKOVAYA, Wojtek KRYSZTOFIAK, Majid Ebrahimi WARKIANI, Frank SELLKE, Shuji OGINO, Francisco J. BARBA, Serge BRAND, Clara VASCONCELOS, Deepak B. SALUNKE, Nima REZAEI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Since the beginning of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically influenced almost every aspect of human life. Activities requiring human gatherings have either been postponed, cancelled, or held completely virtually. To supplement lack of in-person contact, people have increasingly turned to virtual settings on-line, advantages of which include increased inclusivity and accessibility and reduction of carbon footprint. However, emerging online technologies cannot fully replace, in-person scientific events. In-person meetings are not susceptible to poor internet connectivity problems, and they provide novel opportunities for socialization, creating new collaborations, and sharing ideas. To continue such activities, a hybrid model for scientific events could be a solution offering both in-person and virtual components. While participants can freely choose the mode of their participation, virtual meetings would most benefit those who cannot attend in-person due to the limitations. In-person portions of meetings should be organized with full consideration of prevention and safety strategies including risk assessment and mitigation, venue and environmental sanitation, participant protection and disease prevention, and promoting the hybrid model. This new way of interaction between scholars can be considered as a part of a resilience system which was neglected previously and should become a part of routine practice in scientific community. Copyright © 2020 Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1172-1177
JournalDisaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Issue number3
Early online date26 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


Hanaei, S., Takian, A., Majdzadeh, R., Maboloc, C. R., Grossmann, I., Gomes, O., . . . Rezaei, N. (2022). Emerging standards and the hybrid model for organizing scientific events during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 16(3), 1172-1177. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2020.406


  • COVID-19
  • Pandemic
  • Congress
  • Event
  • Standard
  • Resilience


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