Embracing the market: Examining the consequences for education, housing, and health in Chinese cities

Ka Ho Joshua MOK, Yu Cheung WONG, Richard M. WALKER, Xiulan ZHANG

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

Abstract

Economic and social reforms have gone hand-in-hand in China. Social policy restructuring has been driven by strategies of privatization, marketization, commodification and socialization with the aim of reducing the state burden of financing and providing social welfare; notably in the three mountains of education, health and housing. While the extent of many of these reforms is known, few studies have undertaken comparisons of hardship across policy domains and within and between cities. Data for this chapter are drawn from a 2004 large household survey of eight Chinese cities. Findings show that hardship resulting from increasing financial burdens for housing, medical care and education is concentrated in poorer inland cities, education and health hardships are related to one another but that housing is more likely to be associated with general hardship in daily life or in cities that are more inland. In conclusion, we reflect upon the implication of these findings for the current governments’ movement toward reversing the “rolling back of the state”. Copyright © 2010 World Scientific Publishing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial cohesion in Greater China: Challenges for social policy and governance
EditorsKa Ho MOK , Yeun-Wen KU
Place of PublicationNew Jersey
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing
Pages187-224
ISBN (Electronic)9789814465984
ISBN (Print)9789814291927, 9814291927, 9786612761942, 9789814291934
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Citation

Mok, K. H., Wong, Y. C., Walker, R. M., & Zhang, X. (2010). Embracing the market: Examining the consequences for education, housing, and health in Chinese cities. In K. H. Mok & Y.-W. Ku (Eds.), Social cohesion in Greater China: Challenges for social policy and governance (pp. 187-224). New Jersey: World Scientific Publishing.

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