Electricity market prices for day-ahead ancillary services and energy: Texas

Jay ZARNIKAU, Chi Keung WOO, Shuangshuang ZHU, Ross BALDICK, Chen-Hao TSAI, Jingwei MENG

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Applying a regression-based approach to a large sample of hourly observations for the seven-year period of January 1, 2011 to December 30, 2017, we explore determinants of day-ahead market (DAM) prices for ancillary services (ASs) and energy in the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT). For each GW increase in responsive reserve (RRS) or nonspinning reserve (NSRS) procurement quantities, we estimate price increases of about US$3.47 per MW per hour and US$5.63 per MW per hour, respectively; while the cost of an additional 1 GW of regulation up (REGUP) and regulation down (REGDN) is a much higher US$17 per MW per hour and US$31 per MW per hour, respectively. A US$1/MWh increase in the DAM energy price tends to increase RRS and REGUP prices by nearly US$1 per MW per hour, about twice the estimated impact for NSRS that is not necessarily online when selected. The participation of interruptible loads to provide RRSs reduces the RRS price, and this effect increased nearly six-fold from the first to the second half of our sample time period. An increase in wind generation tends to decrease AS prices because it reduces the DAM energy price via the merit-order effect. Hence, Texas’s wind generation expansion has not raised ERCOT’s AS prices in our sample period, which is characterized by a stable AS requirement and declining natural gas prices. Going forward, however, Texas could face AS cost escalation due to the high REGUP and REGDN prices, should ERCOT’s requirement and procurement of those services increase due to rising renewable production. Copyright © 2019 Incisive Risk Information Limited.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-74
JournalJournal of Energy Markets
Issue number1
Early online date26 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


Zarnikau, J., Woo, C. K., Zhu, S., Baldick, R., Tsai, C.-H., & Meng, J. (2019). Electricity market prices for day-ahead ancillary services and energy: Texas. Journal of Energy Markets, 12(1), 43-74. doi: 10.21314/JEM.2018.188


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