Japan's Fukushima nuclear disaster, triggered by the March 11, 2011 earthquake, has led to calls for shutting down existing nuclear plants. To maintain resource adequacy for a grid's reliable operation, one option is to expand conventional generation, whose marginal unit is typically fueled by natural-gas. Two timely and relevant questions thus arise for a deregulated wholesale electricity market: (1) what is the likely price increase due to a nuclear plant shutdown? and (2) what can be done to mitigate the price increase? To answer these questions, we perform a regression analysis of a large sample of hourly real-time electricity-market price data from the California Independent System Operator (CAISO) for the 33-month sample period of April 2010-December 2012. Our analysis indicates that the 2013 shutdown of the state's San Onofre plant raised the CAISO real-time hourly market prices by $6/MWH to $9/MWH, and that the price increases could have been offset by a combination of demand reduction, increasing solar generation, and increasing wind generation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationWoo, C. K., Ho, T., Zarnikau, J., Olson, A., Jones, R., Chait, M., . . . Wang, J. (2014). Electricity-market price and nuclear power plant shutdown: Evidence from California. Energy Policy, 73, 234-244. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.05.027
- Electricity market
- Nuclear shutdown
- Energy policy