This study examined factors that might have affected EFL learners' willingness to communicate (WTC) in the extramural digital (ED) environment, a rapidly emerging L2 communication context. The investigator conducted a semi-structured interview with 98 EFL students from three Korean universities. Drawing on grounded theory, socio-political (Korea's K-12 instruction), contextual (familiarity with interlocutors and communities), and individual variables (L2 self-confidence and anxiety) emerged as major sources of influence on participants' L2 WTC. Additionally, these sub-variables appeared to interact simultaneously during L2 communication in the ED context. This study contributes to further advancing our understanding of L2 WTC in a CALL environment. It also offers pedagogical insights into how L2 teachers can facilitate EFL learners' WTC in a range of extramural digital environments where their L2 WTC is very different from face-to-face classroom and extracurricular digital settings. Copyright © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Willingness to Communicate
CitationLee, J. S. (2019). EFL students' views of willingness to communicate in the extramural digital context. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 32(7), 692-712. doi: 10.1080/09588221.2018.1535509
- Extramural digital context
- Willingness to communicate
- Learner perceptions