Efficient photocatalytic dehydrogenation and synergistic selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde for Zn0.5Cd0.5S co-modified with MoS2 nanoflowers and g-C3N4 nanosheets

Zhennan WANG, Dingze LU, Jiucun PAN, Kiran Kumar KONDAMAREDDY, Wenju GU, Jing LI, Boyu ZHANG, Junfang WU, Huiqing FAN, Wing Kei HO

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Abstract

Zn0.5Cd0.5S solid solution co-modified by MoS2 nanoflowers and g-C3N4 nanosheets (C3N4/MoS2/Zn0.5Cd0.5S) was synthesized with highly efficient photocatalytic dehydrogenation and synergistic selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol (BA) to benzaldehyde (BAD). The photocatalytic dehydrogenation rate and BAD yield are 1.7 mmol·g−1·h−1 and 35.8% for C3N4/MoS2/Zn0.5Cd0.5S, and selective oxidation to BAD is almost 100%. Reaction selectivity was explored by detecting all the substances of the solution after reaction for Zn0.5Cd0.5S and C3N4/Zn0.5Cd0.5S using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS), and analysis results indicated that BA was converted to other substances because of the insufficient hole oxidation capacity of the samples. The mechanism for highly efficient photocatalytic dehydrogenation and synergistic selective oxidation of BA to BAD was systematically investigated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and first-principle density-functional theory calculations. The EPR spectra of the phenyl-N-tert-butyl-nitrone (PBN)-carbon centered radical indicated that ·C induced by photo-generated holes are the key intermediate of the photocatalytic dehydrogenation of BA. The loading of flower-like MoS2 accelerates charge transport and enhances the hole oxidation ability of Zn0.5Cd0.5S, and the introduction of g-C3N4 has a negative valence band potential that can collect photogenerated holes of Zn0.5Cd0.5S, thereby inhibiting photocorrosion. Therefore, the photocatalytic dehydrogenation and synergistic selection of BA to BAD for the C3N4/MoS2/Zn0.5Cd0.5S ternary heterostructure were greatly improved. The research work would provide a feasible, sustainable, economical, and potential technique for the highly efficient dehydrogenation and synergistic selective oxidation of BA based on photocatalysis that excludes the usage of noble metals and sacrificial reagents. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 

Original languageEnglish
Article number158384
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume640
Early online dateSept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Citation

Wang, Z., Lu, D., Pan, J., Kondamareddy, K. K., Gu, W., Li, J., Zhang, B., Wu, J., Fan, H., & Ho, W. (2023). Efficient photocatalytic dehydrogenation and synergistic selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde for Zn₀.₅Cd₀.₅S co-modified with MoS₂ nanoflowers and g-C₃N₄ nanosheets. Applied Surface Science, 640, Article 158384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2023.158384

Keywords

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