Efficient palladium (II) electrocatalysts with thiophene anchored pyridinium amidates for CO₂ reduction

Muhammad Zaeem IDREES, Ibtasam ILAHI, Muhammad Zeeshan ALI, Muhammad ZULQARNAIN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Palladium(II) complexes namely [Pd(LMe)₂(Cl)₂] (5), [Pd(LEt)₂(Cl)₂] (6), [Pd(LBu)(Cl)₂] (7) and [Pd(LBz)(Cl)₂] (8) were synthesized as electrocatalysts towards CO₂ reduction into CO, H₂O acting as proton source in presence of TFA. These catalysts were prepared by substitution of benzonitrile from bis(benzonitrile)palladium(II)chloride with proligands; [HLMe][OTf] (1), [HLEt][I] (2), [HLBu][Br] (3) and [HLBz][Cl] (4) correspondingly. All the eight new compounds were successfully characterized with spectroscopic and single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. It was found out that both steric and electronic properties of ligands concomitantly affected the catalytic properties of the catalysts. The activity of these catalysts decreases in the following order: 6 > 7 > 5 > 8. 6 displayed maximum TOF of 337 s⁻¹ and rate constant (kcat) of 1870 M⁻¹s⁻¹ along with 73 % Faradaic efficiency to produce CO from CO₂ in the presence of trifluoracetic acid. However, the lowest over potential (η) of −340 mV was shown by 7. All the catalysts were robust with no major current fluctuations were observed during controlled potential electrolysis for more than 3600 s. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101384
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Volume44
Early online date29 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Citation

Idrees, M. Z., Ilahi, I., Ali, M. Z., & Zulqarnain, M. (2021). Efficient palladium (II) electrocatalysts with thiophene anchored pyridinium amidates for CO₂ reduction. Journal of CO2 Utilization, 44. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcou.2020.101384

Keywords

  • Palladium (II)
  • Electrocatalyst
  • Thiophene
  • Pyridinium amidate
  • CO₂ reductions
  • PG student publication

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