The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different amounts of whey protein in carbohydrate–electrolyte (CE) drinks on post-exercise rehydration. Ten males completed 5 trials in a randomised cross-over design. A 4-h recovery was applied after a 60-min run at 65% VO₂peak in each trial. During recovery, the participants ingested a high-carbohydrate CE drink (CE-H), a low-carbohydrate CE drink (CE-L), a high-whey-protein (33 g·L⁻¹) CE drink (CW-H), a medium-whey-protein (22 g·L⁻¹) CE drink (CW-M) or a low-whey-protein (15 g·L⁻¹) CE drink (CW-L) in a volume equivalent to 150% of their body mass (BM) loss. The drinks were provided in six equal boluses and consumed by the participants within 150 min in each trial. After exercise, a BM loss of 2.15% ± 0.05% was achieved. Urine production was less in the CW-M and CW-H trials during recovery, which induced a greater fluid retention in the CW-M (51.0% ± 5.7%) and CW-H (55.4% ± 3.8%) trials than in any other trial (p < .05). The plasma albumin content was higher in the CW-H trial than in the CE-H and CE-L trials at 2 h (p < .05) and 3 h (p < .01) during recovery. The aldosterone concentration was lower in the CE-H trial than in the CW-M and CW-H trials after recovery (p < .05). It is concluded that the rehydration was improved when whey protein was co-ingested with CE drinks during a 4-h recovery after a 60-min run. However, this additive effect was only observed when whey protein concentration was at least 22 g·L⁻¹ in the current study. Copyright © 2018 European College of Sport Science.
CitationLi, L., Sun, F.-H., Huang, W. Y.-J., & Wong, S. H.-S. (2018). Effects of whey protein in carbohydrate-electrolyte drinks on post-exercise rehydration. European Journal of Sport Science, 18(5), 685-694. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2018.1442499
- Whey protein
- Fluid retention
- Plasma albumin