Effects of weight management program on postural stability and neuromuscular function among obese children: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Fenghua SUN, Li Juan WANG, Lin WANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Childhood obesity is one of the most critical public health problems in the world. It is associated with low neuromuscular function and postural deformities. Whether weight loss can improve postural stability and neuromuscular control, benefit daily activities, or prevent injury is unknown. Therefore, this study attempts to investigate the effect of a 6 month weight management program on postural stability and neuromuscular control among obese children. Methods/design: We will conduct a prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled trial with 120 prepubescent obese children. Participants will be randomly assigned to a weight management group or a control group. The weight management group will participate in a dietary and exercise program. The control group will receive health education. After the intervention, participants will be followed for 6 months with no active intervention. The primary and secondary outcomes will be assessed at the baseline, and after 6 months and 12 months. Primary outcome measures will include body weight, body height, body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference, and body fat percentage. Secondary outcome measures will include three-dimensional functional biomechanics in different tasks, proprioception tests of the knee and ankle, neuromuscular response of the leg muscles, and muscle strength tests of the knee and ankle. Furthermore, adverse events will be recorded and analyzed. An intention-to-treat analysis will be performed if any participants withdraw from the trial. Discussion: The important features of this trial include the randomization procedures and large sample size. This study attempts to estimate the effect of weight loss intervention on outcomes, including daily life function, postural stability, and neuromuscular control in prepubescent obese children. Therefore, our results can be useful for obese children, medical staff, and healthcare decision makers. Copyright © 2015 Sun et al.
Original languageEnglish
Article number143
JournalTrials
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

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Randomized Controlled Trials
Weights and Measures
Ankle
Weight Loss
Knee
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Proprioception
Control Groups
Intention to Treat Analysis
Body Height
Pediatric Obesity
Medical Staff
Muscle Strength
Waist Circumference
Random Allocation
Health Education
Biomechanical Phenomena
Sample Size
Adipose Tissue
Hip

Citation

Sun, F., Wang, L.-J., & Wang, L. (2015). Effects of weight management program on postural stability and neuromuscular function among obese children: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 16, Article 143.

Keywords

  • Weight loss
  • Childhood obesity
  • Neuromuscular function
  • Postural stability
  • Randomized controlled trial