Effects of Ving Tsun Chinese martial art training on upper extremity muscle strength and eye-hand coordination in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults: A pilot study

Shirley Siu Ming FONG, Sheung Mei Shamay NG, Yoyo Ting Yiu CHENG, Janet Yuen Ha WONG, Esther Yee Tak YU, Chi Ching CHOW, Tung Ching Yvonne CHAK, Kin Yi Ivy CHAN, Joni ZHANG, Duncan James MACFARLANE, Ming Yan CHUNG

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Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate the effects of Ving Tsun (VT) martial art training on the upper extremity muscle strength and eye-hand coordination of middle-aged and older adults. Methods. This study used a nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. Forty-two community-dwelling healthy adults participated in the study; 24 (mean age ± SD = 68.5 ± 6.7 years) underwent VT training for 4 weeks (a supervised VT session twice a week, plus daily home practice), and 18 (mean age ± SD = 72.0 ± 6.7 years) received no VT training and acted as controls. Shoulder and elbow isometric muscle strength and eye-hand coordination were evaluated using the Lafayette Manual Muscle Test System and a computerized finger-pointing test, respectively. Results. Elbow extensor peak force increased by 13.9% (P = 0.007) in the VT group and the time to reach peak force decreased (9.9%) differentially in the VT group compared to the control group (P = 0.033). For the eye-hand coordination assessment outcomes, reaction time increased by 2.9% in the VT group and decreased by 5.3% in the control group (P = 0.002). Conclusions. Four weeks of VT training could improve elbow extensor isometric peak force and the time to reach peak force but not eye-hand coordination in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. Copyright © 2016 Shirley S. M. Fong et al.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4013989
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Martial Arts
Independent Living
Muscle Strength
Upper Extremity
Elbow
Hand
Control Groups
Fingers
Reaction Time
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Muscles

Citation

Fong, S. S. M., Ng, S. S. M., Cheng, Y. T. Y., Wong, J. Y. H., Yu, E. Y. T., Chow, G. C. C., et al. (2016, June). Effects of Ving Tsun Chinese martial art training on upper extremity muscle strength and eye-hand coordination in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults: A pilot study. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Retrieved August 25, 2016, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4013989