Arsenic (As) contamination of paddy soils has adversely affected the health of millions of people those consuming rice for staple food. The present study was aimed at investigating the effects of silicon (Si) fertilization on As uptake, speciation in rice plants with different radial oxygen loss (ROL). Six genotypes were planted in pot soils under greenhouse conditions until late tillering state. The results showed that the rates of ROL were higher in hybrid rice genotypes varying from 19.76 to 27 μmol O2 g−1 root dry weight h−1 than that in conventional indica rice genotypes varying from 9.55 to 15.41 μmol O2 g−1 root dry weight h−1. Si addition significantly increased straw biomass (p < 0.005), but with no significant effects on root biomass. Si fertilization significantly reduced shoot and root total As concentrations (p < 0.001) in six genotypes grown in 40 mg As/kg soil. Si addition decreased the inorganic As in shoots of ‘Xiangfengyou-9’ with lower ROL and ‘Xiangwanxian-12’ with higher ROL by 31% and 25% respectively and had the tendency to increase DMA concentrations. It is potential to reduce As contamination of rice efficiently by combining Si fertilization and selecting genotypes with high radial oxygen loss. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
CitationWu, C., Zou, Q., Xue, S., Mo, J., Pan, W., Lou, L., et al. (2015). Effects of silicon (Si) on arsenic (As) accumulation and speciation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes with different radial oxygen loss (ROL). Chemosphere, 138, 447-453. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.06.081
- Radial oxygen loss (ROL)
- Silicon fertilization