Effects of resources, inequality, and privilege bias on achievement: Country, school, and student level analyses

Ming Ming CHIU, Lawrence KHOO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined how resources, distribution inequality, and biases toward privileged students affected academic performance. Fifteen-year-olds from 41 countries completed a questionnaire and tests in mathematics, reading, and science. Multilevel regression analyses showed that students scored higher in all subjects when they had more resources in their country, family, or school. Students in countries with higher inequality, clustering of privileged students, or unequal distribution of certified teachers typically had lower scores. Distribution inequality favored privileged students, in that schools with more privileged students typically had more resources. Overall, students scored lower when parent job status had a larger effect on student performance (privileged student bias) in a school or country. These results suggest that equal opportunity is linked to higher overall student achievement. Copyright © 2005 American Educational Research Association by Sage Publications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-603
JournalAmerican Educational Research Journal
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

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Citation

Chiu, M. M., & Khoo, L. (2005). Effects of resources, inequality, and privilege bias on achievement: Country, school, and student level analyses. American Educational Research Journal, 42(4), 575-603.

Keywords

  • Distribution inequality
  • Hierarchical linear modeling
  • International comparisons
  • Socioeconomic status