Effects of fifteen PBDE metabolites, DE71, DE79 and TBBPA on steroidogenesis in the H295R cell line

Renfang SONG, Yuhe HE, Margaret B. MURPHY, Leo W. Y. YEUNG, Richard M. K. YU, Michael H. W. LAM, Paul K. S. LAM, Markus HECKER, John P. GIESY, Shiu Sun Rudolf WU, Wenbing ZHANG, Guoying SHENG, Jiamo FU

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51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) are brominated flame retardants that are produced in large quantities and are commonly used in construction materials, textiles, and as polymers in electronic equipment. Environmental and human levels of PBDEs have been increasing in the past 30 years, but the toxicity of PBDEs is not fully understood. Studies on their effects are relatively limited, and show that PBDEs are neurotoxins and potential endocrine disrupters. Hydroxylated (OH{single bond}) and methoxylated (MeO{single bond}) PBDEs have also been reported in the adipose tissue, blood and milk of wild animals and humans. In the present study, 15 PBDE metabolites, two BDE mixtures (DE71 and DE79), and TBBPA were studied individually to determine their effects on ten steroidogenic genes, aromatase activity, and concentrations of two steroid hormones (testosterone and 17β-estradiol) in the H295R human adrenocortical carcinoma cell line. Exposure to 0.05 μM 2′-OH-BDE-68 significantly induced the expression of CYP11A, CYP11B2, CYP17, CYP21, 3βHSD2, 17βHSD1, and 17βHSD4, and the expression of StAR was induced by 6-OH-BDE-90 at the three exposure concentrations. Exposure to DE71 and DE79 resulted in dose-dependent trend towards induction, but these effects were not significant. Exposure to 0.5 μM 2-OH-BDE-123 and 2-MeO-BDE-123 resulted in significantly greater aromatase activity. However, none of the compounds affected sex hormone production at the concentrations tested. Generally, OH-BDEs had a much stronger ability to affect steroidogenic gene expression than MeO-BDEs. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1888-1894
JournalChemosphere
Volume71
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

Citation

Song, R., He, Y., Murphy, M. B., Yeung, L. W. Y., Yu, R. M. K., Lam, M. H. W., . . . Fu, J. (2008). Effects of fifteen PBDE metabolites, DE71, DE79 and TBBPA on steroidogenesis in the H295R cell line. Chemosphere, 71(10), 1888-1894. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.01.032

Keywords

  • PBDEs
  • TBBPA
  • Steroidogenesis
  • H295R cells

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