Ciguatoxins are natural compounds produced by benthic dinoflagellates Gambierdiscus and Fukuyoa spp., which cause fish intoxication by ciguatera fish poisoning. This study aimed to assess the dietary exposure effects of ciguatoxin P-CTX-1 on the reproductive performance in marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma). Fish which ingested >1.16 pg·day⁻¹ for 21 days exhibited abnormal behaviors including diarrhea, abnormal swimming, loss of appetite and decreased egg production. After 7-day exposure to P-CTX-1 at a dose of 1.93 pg·day⁻¹, significant gender-specific differences in reproductive performance and decreased hatching rate of the offspring were observed. Chemical analysis of P-CTX-1 showed that the P-CTX-1 accumulation rates were 24.1 ± 1.4% in female fish and 9.9 ± 0.4% in male fish, and 0.05 pg·egg⁻¹ was detected. The results illustrate that dietary exposure to P-CTX-1 affected the reproductive performance and survival of offspring, and caused bioaccumulation and maternal transfer of P-CTX-1 in marine medaka. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd.
CitationYan, M., Mak, M. Y. L., Cheng, J., Li, J., Gu, J. R., Leung, P. T. Y., & Lam, P. K. S. (2020). Effects of dietary exposure to ciguatoxin P-CTX-1 on the reproductive performance in marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 152. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110837
- Oryzias melastigma
- Maternal transfer