Using low Cd accumulation cultivars and managing field water regimes are effective measures to mitigate Cd accumulations in rice grains. However, the effect of the cultivar-water condition interaction (CWI) on grain Cd accumulations has largely been ignored. To solve this problem, pot and hydroponic experiments were conducted using 14 rice cultivars and two contrasting water conditions. The results showed that CWI significantly affected Cd concentrations in rice grains and roots, explaining 8.8% and 22.8% of the total variance, respectively. These CWI effects were derived from cultivar-dependent variations in rhizosphere soil properties [Eh, pH and available Cd associated with root radial oxygen loss (ROL)] and root Cd uptake. In this context, cultivar HH61 exhibited low, stable Cd accumulations, owing to its stably lower translocation rate, root Cd uptake ability and available Cd in its rhizosphere than the other cultivars, which was induced by its lower ROL. Root-to-grain Cd translocation rates were vital in determining Cd accumulations in grain of different cultivars but were independent from CWI. These results indicated that CWI could play an important role in Cd accumulation in rice while stable low-Cd cultivar should possess low ROL under flooding and low root-to-grain Cd translocation rate. The results will provide novel theoretical basis for cultivar selection and hence benefit the extensive use of low-accumulation cultivars and public health. Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.
CitationXiao, A., Chi, Y., Huang, L., Li, W. C., & Ye, Z. (2023). Effects of cultivar, water condition and their interactions on Cd accumulation in rice grains. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 262, Article 115168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2023.115168
- Cultivar-water condition interaction
- Stable low-Cd accumulation cultivar