Microbe induced iron (Fe) reduction play an important role in arsenic (As) transformation and the related secondary mineral formation. Meanwhile biochar could react as electron transfer shuttle for this process. Impact of biochar and model electron transfer shuttle anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS) on the chemical/biological iron reduction of As (Ⅲ)-adsorbed ferrihydrite and the solid-liquid redistribution of As in M1 buffer were studied. Fe reduction results in the release of As adsorbed on ferrihydrite into the solution. Under abiogenic conditions, both biochar and AQDS promoted ferrous production, the chemical oxidation of As(III) and As release. Inoculate with Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, AQDS has greater electronic shuttle function than biochar (with the maximum Fe (Ⅱ) contents: 154 mg/L > 76.6 mg/L respectively). However, only 12.8 mg/L As was released in the presence of AQDS, which was much lower than that in the presence of biochar (21.6 mg/L), and may be associated with the transformation of As speciation and the formation of secondary minerals. XRD and EDX-SEM confirmed that the As could be fixed by the generated secondary mineral vivianite. The relative contents of vivianite in biological control and AQDS addition were 2.7% and 18.4%, respectively. This study provides information on the transformation and migration of As and Fe with the addition of biochar under anaerobic conditions, which is potential to understand the mechanism of As(III)-contaminated soil remediation. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationAn, W., Wu, C., Xue, S., Liu, Z., Liu, M., & Li, W. (2021). Effects of biochar/AQDS on As(Ⅲ)-adsorbed ferrihydrite reduction and arsenic (As) and iron (Fe) transformation: Abiotic and biological conditions. Chemosphere. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.133126